Jardin du Luxembourg – 57 Acres In The Heart Of The Left Bank

Jardin du Luxembourg (AKA the Luxembourg Garden) is not just for tourists. The iconic Left Bank park is filled with Parisians relaxing in the sun and playing tennis, boules, and chess. It's also the home of the Musée du Luxembourg, a charming small museum, and the Palais du Luxembourg, built for the mother of Louis XIII, Marie de Médici, in the early 17th century. Today this palace is home to the French Senate, which also owns and manages the gardens and oversees the museum.

This expansive park in the 6th Arrondissement of Paris is a haven for city dwellers, providing tree-lined promenades, toy sailboats drifting on a central pond called Le Grand Bassin, pony rides, marionette shows, cafes, a riot of colorful flowers, and the famous Medici Fountain built in 1620. Let's explore this picturesque park and discover all of its riches by looking at just a few of our favorite things and sharing some of our photos.


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Jardin du Luxembourg

Senate Building, Jardin du Luxembourg, photo by Mark Craft Senate Building, the Palais du Luxembourg, photo by Mark Craft

In every corner Jardin du Luxembourg surprises you with statues, monuments, fountains, and even orchards. Surrounding the central green, twenty statues of French queens and matriarchs stand proudly. Spilling across nearly sixty acres, the Jardin du Luxembourg is the place where Parisians do what the French do best — relax and enjoy the good life. Dotted throughout the park are the famous green chairs, both the sitting and reclining type, with numerous benches as well.

Jardin du Luxembourg

The most impressive structure in the park is the Palais du Luxembourg, which is today the home of the French Senate. (Photos above.) Located in front of the large, round pond, the palais both dominates and anchors the central lawns of the jardin. It was built by Marie de' Medici, widow of French king Henry IV, known as "Good King Henry". Following the French Revolution the palace was repurposed for government use.

Jardin du Luxembourg, outdoor cafe, photo by Mark Craft Jardin du Luxembourg, outdoor cafe, photo by Mark Craft

Unlike parks in your hometown, sitting on the grass is interdit (not permitted), except in a few designated areas that can change during the day. It's best to find one of the green metal chairs, pull up to the Grand Bassin, and take in the views. If you get hungry or thirsty head to the sun-dappled outdoor cafe, Pavillon de la Fontaine, for a crisp glass of Sancerre and a grilled open-face sandwich on Poilane bread.


L'Orangerie, photo by Mark Craft L'Orangerie, Jardin du Luxembourg, photo by Mark Craft

Built in 1830, the Luxembourg orangery houses a vast collection of exotic plants like palm trees, oleanders, orange and pomegranate. The fruit garden was founded by Carthusian monks and there are still hundreds of apple and pear varietals. Today, the orangery is open to the public on European Heritage Days, usually held in mid-September. The Senate organizes temporary exhibitions of contemporary art in L'Orangerie in the summer when the exotic plants have been moved outside into the gardens.

La Fontaine Médicis

Medici Fountain, photo by Mark Craft Medici Fountain, photo by Mark Craft

Two centuries earlier, in 1630, Marie de Medici (who, by the way, was widowed following Henry's assassination) built this magnificent fountain. She enlisted a Florentine artisan who modeled the grotto in the style of an Italian Renaissance garden. After the French Revolution, the fountain fell into ruins. Who do you guess came to the rescue? That's right, Napoleon Bonaparte restored the fountain with the help of Jean Chalgrin (the architect responsible for l'Arc de Triomphe).

Napoleon III later had the fountain relocated to the the east side of the Palais du Luxembourg, where it is found today. Today the long, tranquil basin of water is flanked by plane trees and sculptures inspired by Greek mythology.


The Most Popular Ways to Visit Versailles

Best of Versailles. Skip the Line, with Transportation & Lunch
This day trip from Paris gets you inside the royal estate without waiting in the long lines. Included is a 3-course traditional lunch by the Grand Canal.
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Skip-the-Line Guided Tour to Versailles, with Transportation
Half-day, small-group or private tours. The best of Versailles including the King's Apartment & the Hall of Mirrors. Plus, time to stroll in the gardens.
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Musée du Luxembourg

Musee du Luxembourg, photo by Mark Craft Musée du Luxembourg, photo by Mark Craft

Another legacy of Marie de Medici is her collection of paintings that were displayed in the palais at Luxembourg, often considered the first public museum in Paris. There were 24 paintings by Rubens of the royal family as well as the Royal Collection of 100 paintings by Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Veronese, Rembrandt. Not a bad lineup !

In 1818, Musée du Luxembourg was designated as a space for living artists and the 100 paintings from the Royal Collection were moved to the Louvre. On display in the 19th century were paintings by David, Ingres, and Delacroix. (Another good lineup.) After the French Senate took over the palace and the gardens in 1879, a new structure was built, a smaller building next to the main palais, and this is the current home of the museum. The first Impressionist exhibition in Paris was held here with works by Pissarro, Renoir, Sisley, and Cezanne. This enviable collection was eventually moved to the Musée d'Orsay.

Musee du Luxembourg

Today, there is no permanent collection at the Musée du Luxembourg, but it is used for a few themed exhibitions annually. In recent years we've seen shows featuring the royal portraits of Rubens, an exhibit marking the 200th anniversary of the death of Napoleon's empress Josephine, and Cézanne's paintings made while he was in Paris.

The Bandstand

Jardin du Luxembourg, photo by Mark Craft Jardin du Luxembourg, photo by Mark Craft

Built in 1888, based on plans of Charles Garnier (the architect who masterminded Palais Garnier), the gazebo bandstand presents dozens of free musical events from June to October. The gazebo is located in the trees to the southeast of the palace, near the cave. You can find the performance schedule on the French Senate website. It's in French, but you can get an idea of the list of events.

A Brief History of Jardin du Luxembourg

World War II Liberation Tanks in the Jardin du Luxembourg during the Liberation of Paris, August 1944

Marie de Medici, who we mentioned was wife of Henri IV and mother of Louis XIII, purchased the land in 1612 to create a royal estate inspired by her hometown of Florence. The palace she built housed royalty right up until the French Revolution. In 1791, it was declared a National Palace and became the hub of government including the Directoire, the House of Peers, and eventually the Senate.

Jardin du Luxembourg, photo by Mark Craft Jardin du Luxembourg, photo by Mark Craft

The palace and the park were occupied by the Nazis during World War II but both were liberated on August 25, 1944 when Allied troops surrounded and capture the 2,000 German soldiers who had taken refuge in the garden. It's hard today to imagine armored tanks rumbling through the peaceful park.


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Jardin du Luxembourg Resources

  • Metro Lines 4 & 8, Odeon
  • RER B, Luxembourg
  • Miniature sailboats rental Wednesday, Saturday, Sunday
  • Marionette performances Wednesday, Saturday, Sunday, and holidays

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