It was once a dreaded prison, now it's only a column. On July 14, 1789, 633 angry French citizens stormed the Bastille in Paris (a prison equivalent to the Tower of London), capturing its munitions, releasing its seven prisoners, lynching the governor and demolishing the fortress. This was the dramatic start of the French Revolution.
"Place" is the French word for plaza or square.
Yes, there were only seven prisoners! But the Bastille prison tower was a symbol of tyranny. The monument that stands today in the center of the Place de la Bastille commemorates not the original French Revolution, but another, later, revolution.
Secret Truth #1 — The Bastille Column has nothing to do with the French Revolution.
The Colonne de Juillet was erected at the former location of the Bastille prison as a monument to the revolution of 1830. In this so-called July Revolution, which took place over only three days, the French absolute monarchy was finally overthrown.
It was during this revolution — called la Trois Glorieuses — that the French monarchy was finally overthrown.
Charles X abdicated on August 2, 1830 and a constitutional monarchy was instituted. The current column stands as a symbol of Liberty and a memorial to those who took part.
It's made of heavy cast drums and includes an interior spiral staircase. Names of Parisians who died during the 1830 revolution are engraved in gold on the column. Atop the column is the god Mercury astride a gilded globe.
Secret Truth #2 — Most Bastille Day activities do not take place at Bastille.
In France, Le Quatorze Juillet (Bastille Day, July 14) is celebrated with many parades, fireworks and dances, but few of them take place at Place de la Bastille.
But the place is the site of parades and demonstrations throughout the year. Because of its connection with Liberty, Place de la Bastille is the center of political action in Paris when it takes to the streets with protests, speeches, and political rallies.
Secret Truth #3 — The modern opera house at Place de la Bastille is a building with plenty of intrigue.
Exactly 200 years after the famous riot that started the French Revolution, the landmark opera house was inaugurated in 1989 by President Mitterrand. Today it is the main opera house of Paris, and one of the largest in Europe. It is not, however, without controversy.
Some initial attendees complained about the acoustics, other people complained about the Burgundy stones falling off the sides of the building. Complain as you will, but every seat at the Opéra Bastille offers an unrestricted view of the stage and every seat is almost always filled.
Some folks prefer the ornate and luminous decoration of the more traditional Palais Garnier, the former opera house now used mostly for dance. It seems that although the French stormed the Bastille at some level they prefer the old-fashioned approach. See for yourself. Today the Opera Bastille is home to many operas and ballets.
On this historical Paris walk, you'll learn about the events that led up to the storming of the Bastille including the capture of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI.
Feel like you're a part of one of the defining events of modern European history as your expert guide fills you in on the little-known, fascinating details.
1. Not intended as a prison. The Bastille was originally built as a fortress to defend the city of Paris from the English threat during the Hundred Years' War. Work began on 1370.
2. Instead of battling the English, the Bastille saw a lot of internal French conflict with wars between Burgundians and Armagnacs, and the Wars of Religion during the 16th century.
3. More fortress than prison, it wasn't until 1659 that the Bastille was used as a state penitentiary. Most of the inmates were the upper class who disagreed with Louis XIV.
4. When the Bastille was built in the 13th century it was admired and copied as a modern, powerful fortification with important upgrades including four sets of drawbridges.
5. Contrary to popular belief, the conditions for prisoners in the Bastille were exceptional. The Marquis de Sade arrived with an elaborate wardrobe, artwork, tapestries, perfumes, servants, a small library, card games, and a selection of wine.
6. The Bastille prison wasn't destroyed in a day. It took the work of a committee and months of debate to dismantle it. So, it wasn't until November 1789 that the prison was destroyed.
7. In 1793 a revolutionary fountain with a statue of Isis (which you've probably never heard about) was built on the former site of the fortress/prison and the square was forever after known as the the Place de la Bastille.
Bonus Secret Truth. There is absolutely no evidence of torture at the Bastille. Remember the Marquis de Sade with his servants, library & wine collection? Torture — didn't happen.
Take a slow boat ride on the canals built by the Napoleons and pass right underneath Place de la Bastille.
Napoleon Bonaparte ordered the construction of Canal St Martin and associated waterways. Half-a-century later his nephew, Napoleon II modernized Paris, including sending part of this famous waterway underground!
Starting in northeast Paris at Parc de la Villlette, the canal boat eventually enters a tunnel and passes right under Place de la Bastille before finally emerging into the Seine. (Some of the cruises go the other way, starting in the Seine and ending at Villette.)
Monuments in Paris
• The Arc de Triomphe…
• The Pantheon…
• Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel…
• The Bastille…
• The Louvre Pyramid…
• Other Iconic Monuments…
Discover What's On When You're There
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