L'Arc de Triomphe – The Largest Napoleonic Arch in Paris

Here's a useful — l'Arc has one of the most pleasing views of the city. Commissioned by Napoleon in 1806, L'Arc de Triomphe is only 50 meters tall (64 feet) yet is still one of the most recognizable monuments in the world. This monument to Napoleon's victory at Austerlitz is located at the western end of Champs-Elysées in the center of Place Charles de Gaulle, from which twelve streets form the shape of a star and give the site its more common Parisian name, l'Étoile.

From the top you get a real sense of the imaginary line (Axe Historique) that runs from the center of the Louvre (in the east), through the Jardin des Tuileries, down Champs-Elysées, underneath l'Arc de Triomphe and then all the way out to La Défense in the west, where the imaginary lines runs through the giant Grande Arche — the much younger but much bigger brother of the arch you're standing on top of.

Arc de Triomphe – A Bit of History

Arc de Triomphe

The first version of l'Arc was a wooden mock-up, created so Napoleon could march beneath it with his new wife, Marie-Louise. (This was after he had unceremoniously ditched the more famous Josephine.)

While it wasn't completed until years after his death (it was finished in 1836), Napoleon was only the first of many armies and historical figures who marched through or around the arch. There were the Germans when they took over a defeated Paris in 1871 and 1940; the French army after World War I; then the Allied armies in 1955; and, of course, the victorious leader of the Free French, General de Gaulle.

The Unknown Soldier from World War I is buried in a tomb underneath l'Arc de Triomphe and now honors the soldiers who died in both World Wars.

By the way, for you fashionistas, after your visit to the Arc head east on Champs Elysées towards the Louis Vuitton flagship store. You may find a line-up waiting to get in, but that's one queue the the Paris Pass can't help you with!

Visiting the Arc de Triomphe

Arc de Triomphe

Walking west along Champs Elysées from the Tuileries Garden at Place de la Concorde you can't take your eyes off the Arc de Triomphe. It's an uphill walk and the Arc dominates the horizon as you approach it. If you were to walk right to the end of Champs Elysées you'd be at Place Charles de Gaulle, staring up at the enormity of the arch.

It seems so close and it might be tempting to brave the traffic and run across to the central plaza the arch sits in. But, don't even think about it. This is perhaps the busiest intersection in all of Paris and the traffic is madcap. The safe way to get to the Arc is by using the underground passages, with entries on the north side of Champs Elysées and, on the opposite side of the Arc, on Avenue de la Grande Armée.

You can travel to the Arc on the Metro, taking line 1, 2, or 6 to the station Charles de Gaulle-Étoile. (You can also take RER line A to the same station.) There's no direct connection from the Metro to the Arc de Triomphe; you'll have to surface and then find the underground passageway.

Once at the plaza you can easily spend a half an hour looking at the inscriptions and carvings on the Arc, and just appreciating its size. It's also kind of exhilarating to be (safely) in the middle of all that traffic. You reach the top of the arch via a series of staircases. There's a fee to climb to the top, but it's free if you have the Paris Pass. No aspect of visiting the Arc de Triomphe is accessible, from the stairs of the underground passageway to the stairs climbing to the top.

Information

  • French Name: l'Arc de Triomphe
  • Place Charles de Gaulle, where the 8th, 16th and 17th Arrondissements meet.
  • Closed: January 1, May 1, May 8 (morning), July 14 (morning), November 11 (morning) and December 25
  • Metro: Charles de Gaulle-Étoile, Lines 1, 2, 6
  • Its little brother in Paris is the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel
  • Free admission with the Paris Pass

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