The Conciergerie Paris – From Keeper's Lodge to Notorious Prison

Spiked conical towers and an austere gray facade stand gloomily along the banks of the Seine on the Île Saint Louis. The gloom is fitting, since this, The Conciergerie, was once the most notorious prison in all of France. It's also is the oldest remaining part of the Palais de la Cité, the seat of the kings of France from the 10th through the 14th centuries.

In fact, the history of the site goes back even farther, to the 6th century when Clovis established his royal residence on Île de la Cité. It wasn't until 1358 that Charles V moved the royal residence to the Louvre on the right bank of the Seine. This building, The Conciergerie, probably got its name from the Concierge, the official Keeper of the kings household.

From Palace to Prison

The Conciergerie Paris

When Charles V relocated to the Louvre, The Concierge converted to a prison and the Concierge became the person appointed by the king to maintain order and oversee prisoner records.

The place already had a bad reputation by the time the French Revolution began in 1789, but then its reputation sank even lower. Over a thousand "enemies of the Revolution" at a time were housed there, and 2,500 were sent to the guillotine. Famous names from that period of history ended their lives here: Marie Antoinette, Charlotte Corday, Madame du Barry.

Today La Conciergerie is a National Historic Monument and is part of the complex of the Palais de Justice (as is Saint-Chapelle). Parts of it are open to public visits, including the magnificent Hall of the Guards.

The French Revolution Walking Tour

The French Revolution walking Tour in Paris

A good way to take in The Conciergerie and to learn much more about its history and the terrible history of the French Revolution is to sign up for this walking tour, conducted by expert in French history.

As you visit this and other historic sites the French Revolution is explained — the events leading up to, its consequences, and some of the horrific occurrences. The tour also takes you to the site of the former Tuileries Palace; the site of the infamous Bastille prison; and other sites of historic note.

La Sainte Chapelle

La Sainte Chapelle

Also included in the Palais de Justice complex is the magnificent Gothic structure, La Sainted Chapelle.

It was built by Louis IX as a private royal chapel and boasts some of the most stunning stained glass you will ever see. Fully restored, today La Sainte Chapelle is open to visitors but, even more interesting, it is used as a venue for classical music concerts. These are among our readers' favorite things to do in Paris and we recommend them very highly.

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